Employees’ Compensation Commission (ECC) Agency

The Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC) is a government agency that provides compensation and benefits due to work-related incidences. It is one of the attached agencies of the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE).

The Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC) is in Presidential Decree 442, also known as the Labor Code of the Philippines, due to the issued amendment through Presidential Decree No. 626. Specifically, it is Title II, Book Four of the Labor Code of the Philippines.

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Laws and other amendments relevant to Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC)

The following is a list of laws that were promulgated in relation to the mandate of Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC) in the Philippines:

Republic ActDateTitle
Presidential Decree No. 6261 January 1975Further Amending Certain Articles Of Presidential Decree No. 442
Entitled "Labor Code Of The Philippines"
Presidential Decree No. 13681 May 1978Amending Further Certain Provisions Of Title II, Book Four Of
The Labor Code Of The Philippines (PD 442, As Amended).
Presidential Decree No. 16411 January 1980Reorganizing The Ministry Of Labor And Employment And For Other Purposes
Presidential Decree No. 19211 May 1984Further Amending Certain Provisions Of Title II, Book IV
Of The Labor Code Of The Philippines
Executive Order No. 12631 January 1987Reorganizing the Ministry Of Labor And Employment And For Other Purposes
Executive Order No. 1791 June 1987Further Amending Title II, Book Four Of The Labor Code Of The Philippines
(Presidential Decree No. 442, As Amended)
Republic Act (RA) No. 1052423 April 2013An Act Expanding The Positions Reserved For Persons With Disability,
Amending For The Purpose Republic Act No. 7277,
As Amended, Otherwise Known As The Magna Carta For Persons With Disability
Labor Code of the Philippines
Revised 2017
2017Renumbered Labor Code of the Philippines issued by the
Department of Labor and Employment

Composition of the Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC)

As stated in Article 182 of the Renumbered Labor Code of the Philippines, the Employees' Compensation Commission is composed of 7 members, 5 of which are ex-officio members and 2 appointive members.

Ex-Officio Members

The 5 ex-officio members are the following:

  • Secretary of the Labor and Employment, as Chairman
  • GSIS General Manager
  • Social Security System (SSS) Administrator
  • Chairman of the Philippine Medical Care Commission
  • Executive Director of the ECC Secretariat

Appointive Members

The 2 appointive members are the following:

  • Representative of the employees
  • Representative of the employers

Both Appointive members are appointed President of the Philippines and serve for a term of six years.

Qualification Standards (QS) of the Appointive member

The Qualification Standards (QS) of the Appointive member is the following:

"At least five years’ experience in workmen’s compensation or social security programs."

Terms

In case of vacancy of an appointive members, the vacancy shall be filled only for the unexpired term.

The Vice Chairman of the Commission shall be alternated each year between the GSIS General Manager and the SSS Administrator.

Quorum:

The presence of four members shall constitute a quorum. In case of absence of a member, the member may designate an official of the institution he serves on full-time basis as his representative to act in his behalf.

Compensation:

Each member shall receive a per diem of two hundred pesos for every meeting that is actually attended by him, exclusive of actual, ordinary and necessary travel and representation expenses.

Classification of the Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC)

The Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC) is a Government-Owned Controlled Corporation (GOCC) and an attached agency of the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE).

Functions of the Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC)

The powers and functions of the Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC) is stated in Article 183 of the renumbered Labor Code of the Philippines and summarized in the following:

  1. Formulate policies and implement the Employees' Compensation Program (ECP) such as:
    • Contribution Rate of employers
    • Administration of ECP benefits
    • Processing of claims and settlement of disputes
  2. Quasi-judicial
  3. Issue policies and programs regarding Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) and accident prevention in the workplace
  4. Management of the State Insurance Fund

Operation of the Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC)

Civil Service Law and other regulations

As a GOCC and an attached agency of the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE), the Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC) follows the rules and regulations issued by the Civil Service Commission (CSC).

Salary Standardization Law (SSL)

The Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC) is exempted from the Salary Standardization Law (SSL) as stated in Article 183 of the renumbered Labor Code of the Philippines

(f) To appoint the personnel of its staff, subject to civil service law and rules, but exempt from WAPCO law and regulations;

Separation of GSIS and SSS from ECC

As stated in Article 182 (c) of the renumbered Labor Code of the Philippines, the general operation and management of GSIS or SSS is under the authority of the respective Chief Executive Officers (CEO) of the Agency.

Who are covered by Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC)?

As stated in Article 174 of Presidential Decree No. 626,

Private Sector

The benefits of the Employees' Compensation Program covers all compulsory members of the Social Security System (SSS) such as:

  • Regular
  • Self employed (As stated in Board Resolution No. 19-03-05 issued by ECC)
  • Sea-based OFWs
  • Land-based OFW (As stated in Board Resolution No. 19-11-42 issued by ECC)

Public Sector

The benefits of the Employees' Compensation Program covers all compulsory members of the GSIS such as:

  • All mandatory members of the GSIS
  • Uniformed personnel

Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC) Benefits

The Employees' Compensation Commission (ECC) handles the "Employees' Compensation Program" which provides private and public employees and their dependents, if any, a compensation package in the event of work-related sickness injury, or death.

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