Eid’l Fitr (Feast of Ramadan) Holiday in PH 2021

PUBLISHED ON: April 21, 2021
LAST UPDATED ON: May 10, 2021

Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan is a nationwide Holiday in the Philippines for 2021.

For the day of Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan to be declared as a non-working Holiday in the Philippines, the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF) has to recommend a date to the Office of the President and then the Office of the President shall issue a proclamation.

Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan Holiday Celebration

What does Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan celebrate?

Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan is a religious holiday in the Islamic faith and it celebrates the end of Ramadan. Eid'l Fitr can be translated as "Festival of the breaking of the fast" or "Feast of Ramadan".

When is Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan celebrated in 2021?

The official date for the observance of the national holiday for Eid'l Fitr is on 13 May 2021.

Employees, regardless of faith, who worked on Eid'l Fitr is entitled to additional compensation.

Is Eid'l Fitr (Feast of Ramadan) a fixed or movable Holiday?

Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan is a movable holiday and is dependent on the Islamic Lunar calendar. The day is always after the 9th month of the Islamic Lunar calendar, which is the month of Ramadan.

As stated in Section 2 of Proclamation No. 986, series of 2020 regarding the proclamation date to be issued:

The proclamations declaring national holidays for the observance of Eidul Fitr and Eidul Adha shall hereafter be issued after the approximate dates of the islamic holidays have been determined in accordance with the Islamic calendar (Hijira) or the lunar calendar, or upon Islamic astronomical calculations, which ever is possible or convenient. To this end, the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos shall inform the Office of the President of the actual dates on which these holidays shall respectively fall.

Specifically, Eid'l Fitr is the first day of Shawwal, which is the tenth month of the Islamic Calendar.

Holiday Pay for Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan

Is Eid'l Fitr (Feast of Ramadan) a Regular Holiday or a Special Non-Working Day?

Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan is declared as a Regular Holiday in the Philippines.

How to compute for Regular Holiday Pay for Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan

The computation of the Regular Holiday Pay for Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan is dependent upon several factors such as if it was also a scheduled Rest Day or overtime work has been performed.

Legal Basis for the declaration of Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan as a Holiday

When was Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan first started to be celebrated as a Holiday?

Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan is a religious holiday by those adhere to the Islamic faith and therefore celebrated by Muslims even before any law or proclamation in the Philippines.

The first issuance that instituted Eid'l Fitr as a holiday was under Book Five of the Presidential Decree No. 1083, series of 1977, also known as Code of Muslim Personal Laws of the Philippines. However, the issuance primarily made it a regional holiday as stated in Article 170 of the aforementioned issuance:

Provinces and cities where officially observed. – (1) Muslim holidays shall be officially observed in the Provinces of Basilan, Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, North Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, Tawi-Tawi, Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur, and in the Cities of Cotabato, Iligan, Marawi, Pagadian, and Zamboanga and in such other Muslim provinces and cities as may hereafter be created.

Presidential Decree No. 1083 has also provided a provision that allows it to be expanded to other provinces and cities.

Article 170 (2) Upon proclamation by the President of the Philippines, Muslim holidays may also be officially observed in other provinces and cities.

In additional Article 172, Book Five of Presidential Decree No. 1083 allows Muslim government officials and employees outside the aforementioned provinces in Article 170 to be excused from reporting to work in observance of Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan, among other Muslim holidays not mentioned here.

Likewise, Article 172 (2) also provides powers for the Holiday to cover private sector employees outside the aforementioned provinces without reduction to the usual compensation, provided that the Office of the President to issue a proclamation.

In 2002, Republic Act No. 9177 was passed under President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo which declares Eid'l Fitr as a national holiday and amends Section 2, Section 26, Chapter 7 of Executive Order No. 292, otherwise known as the Revised Administrative Code of 1987.

Law or Republic Act that declares Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan as a Regular Holiday

Republic Act No. 9177 is the law that declares Eid'l Fitr or Feast of Ramadan as a nationwide Regular Holiday.

What spelling variation is used by laws for Eid'l Fitr (Feast of Ramadan)?

The Arabic script for Eid'l Fitr (Feast of Ramadan) is عيد الفطر‎‎.

A google search would reveal different spellings for the romanization of the script such as Eid'l Fitr, Eid al-fitr, Eidul Fitr, and Eid ul-Fitr.

In the Philippines, there are inconsistencies in the writing of official government documents used.

Spelling VariationIssuance DateDocuments
‘Id-ul-Fitr4 February 1977Presidential Decree 1083, series of 1977
Eidul Fitr13 November 2002Republic Act No. 9177
-24 July 2007Republic Act No. 9492
-11 December 2009Republic Act No. 9849
-2017 - 2021Nationwide Proclamations
Eid'l Fitr2009 - 2016Nationwide Proclamations
-2009 - 2020Proclamations declaring Eid'l Fitr

This article uses Eid'l Fitr due to the recent usage of National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF) in its external affairs publication of the President of the Philippines' message for Eid'l Fitr for 2018 on their website, NCMF's use of the variation on their Facebook Page posted on 8 March 2021, and the consistent usage in proclamations declaring the actual date of Eid'l Fitr as a Regular Holiday in the Philippines since 2009.

Proclamations that declare Eid'l Fitr (Feast of Ramadan) as a Regular Holiday

YearProclamations for
Nationwide
Holidays
Start of
Ramadan
Recommendation
of NCMF
Proclamation
for Eid'l Fitr
Issuance
Date of
Proclamation
Date of
Eid'l Fir
2009Proclamation No. 1699,
s. 2008
Proclamation No. 1880,
s. 2009
8 September21 September
(Monday)
2010Proclamation No. 1841,
s. 2009
Proclamation No. 26,
s. 2010
2 September10 September
(Friday)
2011Proclamation No. 84,
s. 2010
Proclamation No. 234,
s. 2011
11 August30 August
(Tuesday)
2012Proclamation No. 295,
series of 2011
Proclamation No. 455,
s. 2012
13 August20 August
(Monday)
2013Proclamation No. 459,
series of 2012
Proclamation No. 629,
s. 2013
1 August9 August
(Friday)
2014Proclamation No. 655,
series of 2013
Proclamation No. 826,
s. 2014
10 July29 July
(Tuesday)
2015Proclamation No. 831,
series of 2014
Proclamation No. 1070,
s. 2015
6 July17 July
(Friday)
2016Proclamation No. 1105,
series of 2015
Proclamation No. 6,
s. 2016
4 July6 July
(Wednesday)
2017Proclamation No. 50,
series of 2016
Proclamation No. 235,
s. 2017
16 June26 June
(Monday)
2018Proclamation no. 269,
series of 2017
Proclamation No. 514,
s. 2018
6 June15 June
(Friday)
2019Proclamation no. 555,
series of 2018
Proclamation No. 729.
s. 2019
28 May5 June
(Wednesday)
2020Proclamation No. 845,
series of 2019
Proclamation No. 944,
series of 2020
19 May25 May
(Monday)
2021Proclamation No. 986,
series of 2020
13 April
(Tuesday)
20 April
Page 1
Page 2
Proclamation No. 1142,
series of 2020
10 May13 May

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